Any treatment for dental issues obtained promptly can prevent tooth loss as well as a significant investment in restorations. The condition of periodontitis which is a serious gum infection is caused by bacteria that you would have allowed to accumulate on the teeth and gums. Your bones and teeth can be damaged as a condition progresses. However, if you obtain periodontal treatment near you promptly and maintain proper oral hygiene the damage caused by this condition can be stopped.
Stages of Periodontitis
Periodontitis begins as inflammation and gradually worsens over time.
The earliest stage of the condition is known as gingivitis which again begins with the inflammation and exhibits signs of bleeding in your gums when brushing and flossing. Some discoloration will also be visible on your teeth. The discoloration is known as plaque which is a buildup of bacteria and food debris. Although the bacteria are always present in the mouth to become harmful when conditions are favorable to them to increase dramatically. This happens when you don’t brush and floss regularly or avoid dental cleanings from your dentist.
Your gums begin to recede or pull away from your teeth during the early stages of periodontitis causing small pockets to form between the teeth and gums. The pockets are home to harmful bacteria. When your immune system attempts to battle the infection your gums begin to recede. You are likely to experience bleeding during brushing and flossing along with some bone loss.
If you leave the condition to progress to moderate periodontitis you will experience bleeding and pain around the teeth along with gum recession. Your teeth will become loose because they have lost bone support. An inflammatory response from throughout your body will also be felt because of the infection.
If the condition progresses to advanced periodontitis, deterioration of the connective tissue holding your teeth will be experienced. Destruction of the gums, bones and other tissue supporting your teeth will be a foregone conclusion. You will experience severe pain when chewing, severe bad breath along with a foul taste in your mouth with advanced periodontitis and the chances of beginning to lose teeth are high.
The Diagnosis of Periodontitis
The dentist at periodontal treatment in Calgary, AB, can detect signs of this condition at an early stage during routine dental exams. The dentist can monitor your periodontal status over time to ensure it doesn’t worsen. It is the reason why you should be visiting your dentist regularly for screenings.
The dentist will use a tiny ruler to probe and measure any pockets on your gums. While the test is painless the dentist will remove any plaque and tartar from your mouth as part of professional cleaning. Dental x-rays may also be taken while a reference may be provided to a periodontist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease for further testing and treatment.
The Complications of Periodontitis
If left untreated periodontitis can destroy the supporting structures of your teeth including the bones and the jaw. Loosening of your teeth will be imperative leading to extractions or falling out. Other complications of this condition include:
- Abscesses with pain.
- Interference with eating because of the migration of your teeth.
- Exposure of the roots of your teeth because of receding gums.
- Higher risks of heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.
- Increased risks of complications during pregnancy along with low birth weight and pre-eclampsia.
Periodontal treatment in Calgary, AB, will offer you professional cleanings to remove the buildup of plaque and tartar from your teeth and the roots. Your teeth will also be polished and treated with fluoride. For enabling better healing any periodontal pockets that have formed will also be cleaned with a method called deep cleaning. The method involves root planing and scaling to scrape away the tartar and remove any rough spots on the tooth root where bacteria tend to accumulate.
Periodontal treatment in Calgary may also suggest antibiotics to help with persistent gum infections that may not have responded to cleanings. A surgical procedure may also be recommended to clean your roots and gums. Bone grafting may also be necessary to regenerate any lost bone during the surgical procedure.
As can be seen, getting treatment promptly for periodontal disease can save you from losing your teeth because any treatment offered is highly successful.