Periodontitis is stubborn contamination of the gums induced by microorganisms you accumulate on your teeth and gums. The progression of periodontitis ensures damage to your bones and teeth. However, if you seek periodontal treatment in Calgary early and maintain proper dental hygiene, it is possible to stop the damage caused by periodontitis.
Different Stages of Periodontitis
Periodontitis begins as inflammation and worsens over time. The early stages of periodontitis are:
Periodontitis starts with inflammation of your gums in a condition called gingivitis. Your gums start bleeding when brushing and flossing your teeth during the initial stages of gingivitis.
Teeth discoloration is also a sign of gingivitis primarily because plaque, a buildup of food, and bacteria on your teeth have accumulated. It is an indication that you don’t brush and floss or receive dental cleanings frequently.
Early Periodontal Disease
Your gums start pulling away from your teeth to create small pockets between your teeth and gums in early periodontal disease. The pockets are home to harmful bacteria, and your gums start to recede as your immune system tries to battle the infection. You will likely experience bleeding when brushing and flossing and some bone loss.
Moderate Periodontal Disease
When gingivitis and early periodontal disease are left without treatment from the dentist in South West Calgary, the condition progresses to moderate periodontal disease. You experience bleeding and pain around the teeth and gum recession. Your teeth start losing bone support to become loose. The infection also leads to inflammatory responses throughout your body.
Advanced Periodontal Disease
If you develop advanced periodontal disease, the connective tissue holding your teeth starts to deteriorate. The gums, bones, and other tissue supporting your teeth are destroyed. With advanced periodontal disease, you experience severe pain when chewing, halitosis, and an awful taste in your mouth. Tooth loss is also a possibility.
Causes of Periodontitis
Everyone has millions of bacteria in their mouths, most of them entirely harmless. However, when you don’t clean your teeth correctly every day, the bacteria multiply and buildup on the teeth. Neglecting visits to the dental offices SW Calgary for regular cleanings is another reason why bacteria accumulate in the mouth.
Poor dental hygiene is the primary cause of periodontitis. When you neglect to brush your teeth and to clean in the difficult to reach areas of your mouth, you become susceptible to the following:
- The bacteria in your mouth multiply, forming a substance called plaque.
- When you don’t remove plaque by brushing, the bacteria deposit toxins within plaque over time.
- Plaque hardens into tartar within 48 hours to encourage additional bacterial growth towards the root of the tooth.
- The immune system of your body responds to bacterial growth resulting in inflammation in your gums.
Diagnosing Periodontal Disease
Dentist T2V 0L8 can detect signs of periodontitis early during routine dental exams. The dentist monitors your periodontal status over time to ensure the condition doesn’t worsen. It is why frequent dental visits for cleanings and exams are essential.
Dentists use probes to measure the pockets of your gums in a painless procedure. If plaque and tartar are present on your teeth, they are removed as part of professional cleaning. Dentists also take x-rays to determine the severity of the infection.
Complications of Periodontitis
If you do not receive periodontal treatment, your teeth supporting structures, including your jaw, are vulnerable to destruction. Your teeth loosen to fall out or require removal besides causing several other complications.
Periodontal treatment aims to remove plaque and bacterial deposits on your teeth and gums. Your dental care team provides instructions on reducing the number of bacteria in your mouth by keeping your teeth and gums clean. The dentist recommends proper brushing and flossing techniques besides other oral hygiene products like a water pick or mouthwash.
You will likely receive professional cleanings to remove plaque and tartar buildup from your teeth and roots. Periodontal pockets in your mouth require a deep cleaning involving scaling and root planing.
Dentists prescribe antibiotics in some cases to assist with stubborn gum infections that don’t respond to cleanings. You must follow up with your dentist every few weeks initially and after that every three to six months to assess your progress. If the periodontal pockets persist, dentists recommend treatment options like surgery.
Stopping periodontitis is possible if detected early and treated. You will likely have to change your dental hygiene habits and corporate entirely with your dentist’s instructions if you wish to succeed with the treatment.